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Paranormal belief: a multidimensional construct

Started by Brenna, February 13, 2009, 02:10:26 AM

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Brenna

While not exactly a book, I did recently discover an interesting article about the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale by Jerome J. Tobacyk of Louisiana Tech University. It is a 26 item scale that measures the degree of paranormal belief along seven dimensions: Traditional Religious Belief, Psi, Witchcraft, Superstition, Spiritualism, Extraordinary Life Forms and Precognition.

Here is a link to the article: www.transpersonalstudies.org/ImagesRepository/ijts/Downloads/A%20Revised%20Paranormal%20Belief%20Scale.pdf

And here is the scale lifted from above article:

Please put a number next to each item to indicate how much you agree or disagree with that item. Use numbers as indicated below. There are no right or wrong answers. This is a sample of your own beliefs and attitudes.

1=Strongly Disagree 2=Moderately Disagree 3=Slightly Disagree 4=Uncertain 5=Slightly Agree 6=Moderately Agree 7=Strongly Agree

1.  The soul continues to exist though the body may die.
2.  Some individuals are able to levitate (lift) objects through mental forces.
3.  Black magic really exists.
4.  Black cats can bring bad luck.
5.  Your mind or soul can leave your body and travel (astral projection).
6.  The abominable snowman of Tibet exists.
7.  Astrology is a way to accurately predict the future.
8.  There is a devil.
9.  Psychokinesis, the movement of objects through psychic powers, does exist.
10.  Witches do exist.
11.  If you break a mirror, you will have bad luck.
12.  During altered states, such as sleep or trances, the spirit can leave the body.
13.  The Loch Ness monster of Scotland exists.
14.  The horoscope accurately tells a person?s future.
15.  I believe in God
16.  A person?s thoughts can influence the movement of a physical object.
17. Through the use of formulas and incantations, it is possible to cast spells on persons.   
18. The number ?13? is unlucky.
19.  Reincarnation does occur.
20.  There is life on other planets.
21.  Some psychics can accurately predict the future.
22.  There is a heaven and a hell.
23.  Mind reading is not possible.
24.  There are actual cases of witchcraft.
25.  It is possible to communicate with the dead.
26.  Some people have an unexplained ability to predict the future.

And here is how you read your results:

Note. Item 23 is reverse scored. Traditional Religious Belief = Mean of Items (1, 8, 15, 22);
Psi = Mean of Items (2, 9, 16, 23); Witchcraft = Mean of Items (3, 10, 17, 24);
Superstition = Mean of Items (4, 11, 18); Spiritualism = Mean of Items (5, 12, 19, 25)
Extraordinary Life Forms = Mean of Items (6, 13, 20); Precognition = Mean of Items (7, 14, 21, 26).

Tobacyk, J. Jerome (2004). A Revised Paranormal Belief Scale.The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 23, 94-98.
PPI Reserve Investigator

PPI Brian

Awesome. Thanks for digging this one up, Brenna. I think we can incorporate this into our next public presentation.
"Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence."--Carl Sagan